Operant health and fitness was a term used by Burrhus Frederic Skinner to describe the consequences positive and negative outcomes of a patterns have on the future event of that habit (Levine, В 1999). Skinner thought that all behaviors are the result of reinforcement. Operant conditioning features under the concept that for each actions there is a reaction, those reactions are the rearrangements that maximize or lower behavior. You will find four types of operant conditioning, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, abuse, and termination. Using and understanding these makes it possible to control behaviors, to improve a ideal behavior or decrease a great undesired a single. Positive and negative rearrangements both job to increase the occurrence of a certain behavior but in different ways. Confident reinforcement functions to increase a behavior by a positive effect, for example a kid is given a bit of candy if you are quiet. This kind of candy provides a positive government, reinforcing the behavior. According to Olson and HergenhahnВ (2009), В " A positive reinforcer, is something which, when included with the situation with a certain response, increases the probability of that response's recurrenceвЂќ (p. В 88). Inside the example the kid is given some thing they get pleasure from for exhibiting the desired behavior, which teaches him that if this individual exhibits that behavior there will be a reward.
Negative strengthening increases a desired tendencies by introducing the means to stop a negative consequence, for example the same child has his hair taken every time this individual speaks, to avoid this he must be calm, which reinforces the desired tendencies and makes it more likely to occur in the future. According to Olson and Hergenhahn (2009), вЂќ A negative reinforcer, is a thing that, when taken out of the situation with a certain response, increases the probability of that response's recurrenceвЂќ (p. В 88). Inside the example the child feels pain until the ideal behavior is exhibited, reinforcing the idea that being...
References: Levine, A. В (1999). В Maricopa center to get learning & instruction. В Retrieved from http://www.mcli.dist.maricopa.edu/proj/nru/nr.html
Olson, Meters. H., & Hergenhahn, W. R. (2009). An Introduction to Theories of Learning (8th Ed. ). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection databases.